Theory Ssum

theory Ssum
imports Tr
(*  Title:      HOL/HOLCF/Ssum.thy
    Author:     Franz Regensburger
    Author:     Brian Huffman
*)

header {* The type of strict sums *}

theory Ssum
imports Tr
begin

default_sort pcpo

subsection {* Definition of strict sum type *}

definition
  "ssum =
    {p :: tr × ('a × 'b). p = ⊥ ∨
      (fst p = TT ∧ fst (snd p) ≠ ⊥ ∧ snd (snd p) = ⊥) ∨
      (fst p = FF ∧ fst (snd p) = ⊥ ∧ snd (snd p) ≠ ⊥)}"

pcpodef ('a, 'b) ssum (infixr "++" 10) = "ssum :: (tr × 'a × 'b) set"
  unfolding ssum_def by simp_all

instance ssum :: ("{chfin,pcpo}", "{chfin,pcpo}") chfin
by (rule typedef_chfin [OF type_definition_ssum below_ssum_def])

type_notation (xsymbols)
  ssum  ("(_ ⊕/ _)" [21, 20] 20)
type_notation (HTML output)
  ssum  ("(_ ⊕/ _)" [21, 20] 20)


subsection {* Definitions of constructors *}

definition
  sinl :: "'a -> ('a ++ 'b)" where
  "sinl = (Λ a. Abs_ssum (seq·a·TT, a, ⊥))"

definition
  sinr :: "'b -> ('a ++ 'b)" where
  "sinr = (Λ b. Abs_ssum (seq·b·FF, ⊥, b))"

lemma sinl_ssum: "(seq·a·TT, a, ⊥) ∈ ssum"
by (simp add: ssum_def seq_conv_if)

lemma sinr_ssum: "(seq·b·FF, ⊥, b) ∈ ssum"
by (simp add: ssum_def seq_conv_if)

lemma Rep_ssum_sinl: "Rep_ssum (sinl·a) = (seq·a·TT, a, ⊥)"
by (simp add: sinl_def cont_Abs_ssum Abs_ssum_inverse sinl_ssum)

lemma Rep_ssum_sinr: "Rep_ssum (sinr·b) = (seq·b·FF, ⊥, b)"
by (simp add: sinr_def cont_Abs_ssum Abs_ssum_inverse sinr_ssum)

lemmas Rep_ssum_simps =
  Rep_ssum_inject [symmetric] below_ssum_def
  prod_eq_iff below_prod_def
  Rep_ssum_strict Rep_ssum_sinl Rep_ssum_sinr

subsection {* Properties of \emph{sinl} and \emph{sinr} *}

text {* Ordering *}

lemma sinl_below [simp]: "(sinl·x \<sqsubseteq> sinl·y) = (x \<sqsubseteq> y)"
by (simp add: Rep_ssum_simps seq_conv_if)

lemma sinr_below [simp]: "(sinr·x \<sqsubseteq> sinr·y) = (x \<sqsubseteq> y)"
by (simp add: Rep_ssum_simps seq_conv_if)

lemma sinl_below_sinr [simp]: "(sinl·x \<sqsubseteq> sinr·y) = (x = ⊥)"
by (simp add: Rep_ssum_simps seq_conv_if)

lemma sinr_below_sinl [simp]: "(sinr·x \<sqsubseteq> sinl·y) = (x = ⊥)"
by (simp add: Rep_ssum_simps seq_conv_if)

text {* Equality *}

lemma sinl_eq [simp]: "(sinl·x = sinl·y) = (x = y)"
by (simp add: po_eq_conv)

lemma sinr_eq [simp]: "(sinr·x = sinr·y) = (x = y)"
by (simp add: po_eq_conv)

lemma sinl_eq_sinr [simp]: "(sinl·x = sinr·y) = (x = ⊥ ∧ y = ⊥)"
by (subst po_eq_conv, simp)

lemma sinr_eq_sinl [simp]: "(sinr·x = sinl·y) = (x = ⊥ ∧ y = ⊥)"
by (subst po_eq_conv, simp)

lemma sinl_inject: "sinl·x = sinl·y ==> x = y"
by (rule sinl_eq [THEN iffD1])

lemma sinr_inject: "sinr·x = sinr·y ==> x = y"
by (rule sinr_eq [THEN iffD1])

text {* Strictness *}

lemma sinl_strict [simp]: "sinl·⊥ = ⊥"
by (simp add: Rep_ssum_simps)

lemma sinr_strict [simp]: "sinr·⊥ = ⊥"
by (simp add: Rep_ssum_simps)

lemma sinl_bottom_iff [simp]: "(sinl·x = ⊥) = (x = ⊥)"
using sinl_eq [of "x" "⊥"] by simp

lemma sinr_bottom_iff [simp]: "(sinr·x = ⊥) = (x = ⊥)"
using sinr_eq [of "x" "⊥"] by simp

lemma sinl_defined: "x ≠ ⊥ ==> sinl·x ≠ ⊥"
by simp

lemma sinr_defined: "x ≠ ⊥ ==> sinr·x ≠ ⊥"
by simp

text {* Compactness *}

lemma compact_sinl: "compact x ==> compact (sinl·x)"
by (rule compact_ssum, simp add: Rep_ssum_sinl)

lemma compact_sinr: "compact x ==> compact (sinr·x)"
by (rule compact_ssum, simp add: Rep_ssum_sinr)

lemma compact_sinlD: "compact (sinl·x) ==> compact x"
unfolding compact_def
by (drule adm_subst [OF cont_Rep_cfun2 [where f=sinl]], simp)

lemma compact_sinrD: "compact (sinr·x) ==> compact x"
unfolding compact_def
by (drule adm_subst [OF cont_Rep_cfun2 [where f=sinr]], simp)

lemma compact_sinl_iff [simp]: "compact (sinl·x) = compact x"
by (safe elim!: compact_sinl compact_sinlD)

lemma compact_sinr_iff [simp]: "compact (sinr·x) = compact x"
by (safe elim!: compact_sinr compact_sinrD)

subsection {* Case analysis *}

lemma ssumE [case_names bottom sinl sinr, cases type: ssum]:
  obtains "p = ⊥"
  | x where "p = sinl·x" and "x ≠ ⊥"
  | y where "p = sinr·y" and "y ≠ ⊥"
using Rep_ssum [of p] by (auto simp add: ssum_def Rep_ssum_simps)

lemma ssum_induct [case_names bottom sinl sinr, induct type: ssum]:
  "[|P ⊥;
   !!x. x ≠ ⊥ ==> P (sinl·x);
   !!y. y ≠ ⊥ ==> P (sinr·y)|] ==> P x"
by (cases x, simp_all)

lemma ssumE2 [case_names sinl sinr]:
  "[|!!x. p = sinl·x ==> Q; !!y. p = sinr·y ==> Q|] ==> Q"
by (cases p, simp only: sinl_strict [symmetric], simp, simp)

lemma below_sinlD: "p \<sqsubseteq> sinl·x ==> ∃y. p = sinl·y ∧ y \<sqsubseteq> x"
by (cases p, rule_tac x="⊥" in exI, simp_all)

lemma below_sinrD: "p \<sqsubseteq> sinr·x ==> ∃y. p = sinr·y ∧ y \<sqsubseteq> x"
by (cases p, rule_tac x="⊥" in exI, simp_all)

subsection {* Case analysis combinator *}

definition
  sscase :: "('a -> 'c) -> ('b -> 'c) -> ('a ++ 'b) -> 'c" where
  "sscase = (Λ f g s. (λ(t, x, y). If t then f·x else g·y) (Rep_ssum s))"

translations
  "case s of XCONST sinl·x => t1 | XCONST sinr·y => t2" == "CONST sscase·(Λ x. t1)·(Λ y. t2)·s"
  "case s of (XCONST sinl :: 'a)·x => t1 | XCONST sinr·y => t2" => "CONST sscase·(Λ x. t1)·(Λ y. t2)·s"

translations
  "Λ(XCONST sinl·x). t" == "CONST sscase·(Λ x. t)·⊥"
  "Λ(XCONST sinr·y). t" == "CONST sscase·⊥·(Λ y. t)"

lemma beta_sscase:
  "sscase·f·g·s = (λ(t, x, y). If t then f·x else g·y) (Rep_ssum s)"
unfolding sscase_def by (simp add: cont_Rep_ssum)

lemma sscase1 [simp]: "sscase·f·g·⊥ = ⊥"
unfolding beta_sscase by (simp add: Rep_ssum_strict)

lemma sscase2 [simp]: "x ≠ ⊥ ==> sscase·f·g·(sinl·x) = f·x"
unfolding beta_sscase by (simp add: Rep_ssum_sinl)

lemma sscase3 [simp]: "y ≠ ⊥ ==> sscase·f·g·(sinr·y) = g·y"
unfolding beta_sscase by (simp add: Rep_ssum_sinr)

lemma sscase4 [simp]: "sscase·sinl·sinr·z = z"
by (cases z, simp_all)

subsection {* Strict sum preserves flatness *}

instance ssum :: (flat, flat) flat
apply (intro_classes, clarify)
apply (case_tac x, simp)
apply (case_tac y, simp_all add: flat_below_iff)
apply (case_tac y, simp_all add: flat_below_iff)
done

end