Computer Laboratory

Technical reports

Improving cache utilisation

James R. Srinivasan

June 2011, 184 pages

This technical report is based on a dissertation submitted April 2011 by the author for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy to the University of Cambridge, Jesus College.

Abstract

Microprocessors have long employed caches to help hide the increasing latency of accessing main memory. The vast majority of previous research has focussed on increasing cache hit rates to improve cache performance, while lately decreasing power consumption has become an equally important issue. This thesis examines the lifetime of cache lines in the memory hierarchy, considering whether they are live (will be referenced again before eviction) or dead (will not be referenced again before eviction). Using these two states, the cache utilisation (proportion of the cache which will be referenced again) can be calculated.

This thesis demonstrates that cache utilisation is relatively poor over a wide range of benchmarks and cache configurations. By focussing on techniques to improve cache utilisation, cache hit rates are increased while overall power consumption may also be decreased.

Key to improving cache utilisation is an accurate predictor of the state of a cache line. This thesis presents a variety of such predictors, mostly based upon the mature field of branch prediction, and compares them against previously proposed predictors. The most appropriate predictors are then demonstrated in two applications: Improving victim cache performance through filtering, and reducing cache pollution during aggressive prefetching

These applications are primarily concerned with improving cache performance and are analysed using a detailed microprocessor simulator. Related applications, including decreasing power consumption, are also discussed, as are the applicability of these techniques to multiprogrammed and multiprocessor systems.

Full text

PDF (3.4 MB)

BibTeX record

@TechReport{UCAM-CL-TR-800,
  author =	 {Srinivasan, James R.},
  title = 	 {{Improving cache utilisation}},
  year = 	 2011,
  month = 	 jun,
  url = 	 {http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/techreports/UCAM-CL-TR-800.pdf},
  institution =  {University of Cambridge, Computer Laboratory},
  number = 	 {UCAM-CL-TR-800}
}