Generally we have to chose between high performance or low power.

(We shall see this at the gate level later on).

The **time/space fold** and **unfold** operations trade execution time
for silcon area. A given function can be computed with fewer clocks by
`unfolding' in the the time domain, typically by loop unwinding
(and predication).

LOOPED (time) option: | UNWOUND (space) option: | for (i=0; i < 3 and i < limit; i++) | if (0 < limit) sum += data[0] * coef[j]; sum += data[i] * coef[i+j]; | if (1 < limit) sum += data[1] * coef[1+j]; | if (2 < limit) sum += data[2] * coef[2+j];The `

If one iteration stores to a variable that is read by the next iteration or affects the loop exit condition then unwinding possibilities are reduced.

We can **retime** a design with and without changing its state encoding.

Adding
a pipeline stage can increase the amount of state without **recoding**
existing state.

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