Theory Fun_Cpo

theory Fun_Cpo
imports Adm
(*  Title:      HOL/HOLCF/Fun_Cpo.thy
    Author:     Franz Regensburger
    Author:     Brian Huffman

section ‹Class instances for the full function space›

theory Fun_Cpo
imports Adm

subsection ‹Full function space is a partial order›

instantiation "fun"  :: (type, below) below

  below_fun_def: "(op ⊑) ≡ (λf g. ∀x. f x ⊑ g x)"

instance ..

instance "fun" :: (type, po) po
  fix f :: "'a ⇒ 'b"
  show "f ⊑ f"
    by (simp add: below_fun_def)
  fix f g :: "'a ⇒ 'b"
  assume "f ⊑ g" and "g ⊑ f" thus "f = g"
    by (simp add: below_fun_def fun_eq_iff below_antisym)
  fix f g h :: "'a ⇒ 'b"
  assume "f ⊑ g" and "g ⊑ h" thus "f ⊑ h"
    unfolding below_fun_def by (fast elim: below_trans)

lemma fun_below_iff: "f ⊑ g ⟷ (∀x. f x ⊑ g x)"
by (simp add: below_fun_def)

lemma fun_belowI: "(⋀x. f x ⊑ g x) ⟹ f ⊑ g"
by (simp add: below_fun_def)

lemma fun_belowD: "f ⊑ g ⟹ f x ⊑ g x"
by (simp add: below_fun_def)

subsection ‹Full function space is chain complete›

text ‹Properties of chains of functions.›

lemma fun_chain_iff: "chain S ⟷ (∀x. chain (λi. S i x))"
unfolding chain_def fun_below_iff by auto

lemma ch2ch_fun: "chain S ⟹ chain (λi. S i x)"
by (simp add: chain_def below_fun_def)

lemma ch2ch_lambda: "(⋀x. chain (λi. S i x)) ⟹ chain S"
by (simp add: chain_def below_fun_def)

text ‹Type @{typ "'a::type => 'b::cpo"} is chain complete›

lemma is_lub_lambda:
  "(⋀x. range (λi. Y i x) <<| f x) ⟹ range Y <<| f"
unfolding is_lub_def is_ub_def below_fun_def by simp

lemma is_lub_fun:
  "chain (S::nat ⇒ 'a::type ⇒ 'b::cpo)
    ⟹ range S <<| (λx. ⨆i. S i x)"
apply (rule is_lub_lambda)
apply (rule cpo_lubI)
apply (erule ch2ch_fun)

lemma lub_fun:
  "chain (S::nat ⇒ 'a::type ⇒ 'b::cpo)
    ⟹ (⨆i. S i) = (λx. ⨆i. S i x)"
by (rule is_lub_fun [THEN lub_eqI])

instance "fun"  :: (type, cpo) cpo
by intro_classes (rule exI, erule is_lub_fun)

instance "fun" :: (type, discrete_cpo) discrete_cpo
  fix f g :: "'a ⇒ 'b"
  show "f ⊑ g ⟷ f = g" 
    unfolding fun_below_iff fun_eq_iff
    by simp

subsection ‹Full function space is pointed›

lemma minimal_fun: "(λx. ⊥) ⊑ f"
by (simp add: below_fun_def)

instance "fun"  :: (type, pcpo) pcpo
by standard (fast intro: minimal_fun)

lemma inst_fun_pcpo: "⊥ = (λx. ⊥)"
by (rule minimal_fun [THEN bottomI, symmetric])

lemma app_strict [simp]: "⊥ x = ⊥"
by (simp add: inst_fun_pcpo)

lemma lambda_strict: "(λx. ⊥) = ⊥"
by (rule bottomI, rule minimal_fun)

subsection ‹Propagation of monotonicity and continuity›

text ‹The lub of a chain of monotone functions is monotone.›

lemma adm_monofun: "adm monofun"
by (rule admI, simp add: lub_fun fun_chain_iff monofun_def lub_mono)

text ‹The lub of a chain of continuous functions is continuous.›

lemma adm_cont: "adm cont"
by (rule admI, simp add: lub_fun fun_chain_iff)

text ‹Function application preserves monotonicity and continuity.›

lemma mono2mono_fun: "monofun f ⟹ monofun (λx. f x y)"
by (simp add: monofun_def fun_below_iff)

lemma cont2cont_fun: "cont f ⟹ cont (λx. f x y)"
apply (rule contI2)
apply (erule cont2mono [THEN mono2mono_fun])
apply (simp add: cont2contlubE lub_fun ch2ch_cont)

lemma cont_fun: "cont (λf. f x)"
using cont_id by (rule cont2cont_fun)

text ‹
  Lambda abstraction preserves monotonicity and continuity.
  (Note ‹(λx. λy. f x y) = f›.)

lemma mono2mono_lambda:
  assumes f: "⋀y. monofun (λx. f x y)" shows "monofun f"
using f by (simp add: monofun_def fun_below_iff)

lemma cont2cont_lambda [simp]:
  assumes f: "⋀y. cont (λx. f x y)" shows "cont f"
by (rule contI, rule is_lub_lambda, rule contE [OF f])

text ‹What D.A.Schmidt calls continuity of abstraction; never used here›

lemma contlub_lambda:
  "(⋀x::'a::type. chain (λi. S i x::'b::cpo))
    ⟹ (λx. ⨆i. S i x) = (⨆i. (λx. S i x))"
by (simp add: lub_fun ch2ch_lambda)