Theory Product_Lexorder

(*  Title:      HOL/Library/Product_Lexorder.thy
    Author:     Norbert Voelker
*)

section Lexicographic order on product types

theory Product_Lexorder
imports Main
begin

instantiation prod :: (ord, ord) ord
begin

definition
  "x  y  fst x < fst y  fst x  fst y  snd x  snd y"

definition
  "x < y  fst x < fst y  fst x  fst y  snd x < snd y"

instance ..

end

lemma less_eq_prod_simp [simp, code]:
  "(x1, y1)  (x2, y2)  x1 < x2  x1  x2  y1  y2"
  by (simp add: less_eq_prod_def)

lemma less_prod_simp [simp, code]:
  "(x1, y1) < (x2, y2)  x1 < x2  x1  x2  y1 < y2"
  by (simp add: less_prod_def)

text A stronger version for partial orders.

lemma less_prod_def':
  fixes x y :: "'a::order × 'b::ord"
  shows "x < y  fst x < fst y  fst x = fst y  snd x < snd y"
  by (auto simp add: less_prod_def le_less)

instance prod :: (preorder, preorder) preorder
  by standard (auto simp: less_eq_prod_def less_prod_def less_le_not_le intro: order_trans)

instance prod :: (order, order) order
  by standard (auto simp add: less_eq_prod_def)

instance prod :: (linorder, linorder) linorder
  by standard (auto simp: less_eq_prod_def)

instantiation prod :: (linorder, linorder) distrib_lattice
begin

definition
  "(inf :: 'a × 'b  _  _) = min"

definition
  "(sup :: 'a × 'b  _  _) = max"

instance
  by standard (auto simp add: inf_prod_def sup_prod_def max_min_distrib2)

end

instantiation prod :: (bot, bot) bot
begin

definition
  "bot = (bot, bot)"

instance ..

end

instance prod :: (order_bot, order_bot) order_bot
  by standard (auto simp add: bot_prod_def)

instantiation prod :: (top, top) top
begin

definition
  "top = (top, top)"

instance ..

end

instance prod :: (order_top, order_top) order_top
  by standard (auto simp add: top_prod_def)

instance prod :: (wellorder, wellorder) wellorder
proof
  fix P :: "'a × 'b  bool" and z :: "'a × 'b"
  assume P: "x. (y. y < x  P y)  P x"
  show "P z"
  proof (induct z)
    case (Pair a b)
    show "P (a, b)"
    proof (induct a arbitrary: b rule: less_induct)
      case (less a1) note a1 = this
      show "P (a1, b)"
      proof (induct b rule: less_induct)
        case (less b1) note b1 = this
        show "P (a1, b1)"
        proof (rule P)
          fix p assume p: "p < (a1, b1)"
          show "P p"
          proof (cases "fst p < a1")
            case True
            then have "P (fst p, snd p)" by (rule a1)
            then show ?thesis by simp
          next
            case False
            with p have 1: "a1 = fst p" and 2: "snd p < b1"
              by (simp_all add: less_prod_def')
            from 2 have "P (a1, snd p)" by (rule b1)
            with 1 show ?thesis by simp
          qed
        qed
      qed
    qed
  qed
qed

text Legacy lemma bindings

lemmas prod_le_def = less_eq_prod_def
lemmas prod_less_def = less_prod_def
lemmas prod_less_eq = less_prod_def'

end