# Theory Hoare_Sound_Complete

```(* Author: Tobias Nipkow *)

subsection ‹Soundness and Completeness›

theory Hoare_Sound_Complete
imports Hoare
begin

subsubsection "Soundness"

lemma hoare_sound: "⊢ {P}c{Q}  ⟹  ⊨ {P}c{Q}"
proof(induction rule: hoare.induct)
case (While P b c)
have "(WHILE b DO c,s) ⇒ t  ⟹  P s  ⟹  P t ∧ ¬ bval b t" for s t
proof(induction "WHILE b DO c" s t rule: big_step_induct)
case WhileFalse thus ?case by blast
next
case WhileTrue thus ?case
using While.IH unfolding hoare_valid_def by blast
qed
thus ?case unfolding hoare_valid_def by blast
qed (auto simp: hoare_valid_def)

subsubsection "Weakest Precondition"

definition wp :: "com ⇒ assn ⇒ assn" where
"wp c Q = (λs. ∀t. (c,s) ⇒ t  ⟶  Q t)"

lemma wp_SKIP[simp]: "wp SKIP Q = Q"
by (rule ext) (auto simp: wp_def)

lemma wp_Ass[simp]: "wp (x::=a) Q = (λs. Q(s[a/x]))"
by (rule ext) (auto simp: wp_def)

lemma wp_Seq[simp]: "wp (c⇩1;;c⇩2) Q = wp c⇩1 (wp c⇩2 Q)"
by (rule ext) (auto simp: wp_def)

lemma wp_If[simp]:
"wp (IF b THEN c⇩1 ELSE c⇩2) Q =
(λs. if bval b s then wp c⇩1 Q s else wp c⇩2 Q s)"
by (rule ext) (auto simp: wp_def)

lemma wp_While_If:
"wp (WHILE b DO c) Q s =
wp (IF b THEN c;;WHILE b DO c ELSE SKIP) Q s"
unfolding wp_def by (metis unfold_while)

lemma wp_While_True[simp]: "bval b s ⟹
wp (WHILE b DO c) Q s = wp (c;; WHILE b DO c) Q s"

lemma wp_While_False[simp]: "¬ bval b s ⟹ wp (WHILE b DO c) Q s = Q s"

subsubsection "Completeness"

lemma wp_is_pre: "⊢ {wp c Q} c {Q}"
proof(induction c arbitrary: Q)
case If thus ?case by(auto intro: conseq)
next
case (While b c)
let ?w = "WHILE b DO c"
show "⊢ {wp ?w Q} ?w {Q}"
proof(rule While')
show "⊢ {λs. wp ?w Q s ∧ bval b s} c {wp ?w Q}"
proof(rule strengthen_pre[OF _ While.IH])
show "∀s. wp ?w Q s ∧ bval b s ⟶ wp c (wp ?w Q) s" by auto
qed
show "∀s. wp ?w Q s ∧ ¬ bval b s ⟶ Q s" by auto
qed
qed auto

lemma hoare_complete: assumes "⊨ {P}c{Q}" shows "⊢ {P}c{Q}"
proof(rule strengthen_pre)
show "∀s. P s ⟶ wp c Q s" using assms
by (auto simp: hoare_valid_def wp_def)
show "⊢ {wp c Q} c {Q}" by(rule wp_is_pre)
qed

corollary hoare_sound_complete: "⊢ {P}c{Q} ⟷ ⊨ {P}c{Q}"
by (metis hoare_complete hoare_sound)

end
```