Theory ComputeFloat

theory ComputeFloat
imports Lattice_Algebras
(*  Title:      HOL/Matrix_LP/ComputeFloat.thy
Author: Steven Obua
*)


header {* Floating Point Representation of the Reals *}

theory ComputeFloat
imports Complex_Main "~~/src/HOL/Library/Lattice_Algebras"
begin

ML_file "~~/src/Tools/float.ML"

definition int_of_real :: "real => int"
where "int_of_real x = (SOME y. real y = x)"

definition real_is_int :: "real => bool"
where "real_is_int x = (EX (u::int). x = real u)"

lemma real_is_int_def2: "real_is_int x = (x = real (int_of_real x))"
by (auto simp add: real_is_int_def int_of_real_def)

lemma real_is_int_real[simp]: "real_is_int (real (x::int))"
by (auto simp add: real_is_int_def int_of_real_def)

lemma int_of_real_real[simp]: "int_of_real (real x) = x"
by (simp add: int_of_real_def)

lemma real_int_of_real[simp]: "real_is_int x ==> real (int_of_real x) = x"
by (auto simp add: int_of_real_def real_is_int_def)

lemma real_is_int_add_int_of_real: "real_is_int a ==> real_is_int b ==> (int_of_real (a+b)) = (int_of_real a) + (int_of_real b)"
by (auto simp add: int_of_real_def real_is_int_def)

lemma real_is_int_add[simp]: "real_is_int a ==> real_is_int b ==> real_is_int (a+b)"
apply (subst real_is_int_def2)
apply (simp add: real_is_int_add_int_of_real real_int_of_real)
done

lemma int_of_real_sub: "real_is_int a ==> real_is_int b ==> (int_of_real (a-b)) = (int_of_real a) - (int_of_real b)"
by (auto simp add: int_of_real_def real_is_int_def)

lemma real_is_int_sub[simp]: "real_is_int a ==> real_is_int b ==> real_is_int (a-b)"
apply (subst real_is_int_def2)
apply (simp add: int_of_real_sub real_int_of_real)
done

lemma real_is_int_rep: "real_is_int x ==> ?! (a::int). real a = x"
by (auto simp add: real_is_int_def)

lemma int_of_real_mult:
assumes "real_is_int a" "real_is_int b"
shows "(int_of_real (a*b)) = (int_of_real a) * (int_of_real b)"
using assms
by (auto simp add: real_is_int_def real_of_int_mult[symmetric]
simp del: real_of_int_mult)

lemma real_is_int_mult[simp]: "real_is_int a ==> real_is_int b ==> real_is_int (a*b)"
apply (subst real_is_int_def2)
apply (simp add: int_of_real_mult)
done

lemma real_is_int_0[simp]: "real_is_int (0::real)"
by (simp add: real_is_int_def int_of_real_def)

lemma real_is_int_1[simp]: "real_is_int (1::real)"
proof -
have "real_is_int (1::real) = real_is_int(real (1::int))" by auto
also have "… = True" by (simp only: real_is_int_real)
ultimately show ?thesis by auto
qed

lemma real_is_int_n1: "real_is_int (-1::real)"
proof -
have "real_is_int (-1::real) = real_is_int(real (-1::int))" by auto
also have "… = True" by (simp only: real_is_int_real)
ultimately show ?thesis by auto
qed

lemma real_is_int_numeral[simp]: "real_is_int (numeral x)"
by (auto simp: real_is_int_def intro!: exI[of _ "numeral x"])

lemma real_is_int_neg_numeral[simp]: "real_is_int (neg_numeral x)"
by (auto simp: real_is_int_def intro!: exI[of _ "neg_numeral x"])

lemma int_of_real_0[simp]: "int_of_real (0::real) = (0::int)"
by (simp add: int_of_real_def)

lemma int_of_real_1[simp]: "int_of_real (1::real) = (1::int)"
proof -
have 1: "(1::real) = real (1::int)" by auto
show ?thesis by (simp only: 1 int_of_real_real)
qed

lemma int_of_real_numeral[simp]: "int_of_real (numeral b) = numeral b"
unfolding int_of_real_def
by (intro some_equality)
(auto simp add: real_of_int_inject[symmetric] simp del: real_of_int_inject)

lemma int_of_real_neg_numeral[simp]: "int_of_real (neg_numeral b) = neg_numeral b"
unfolding int_of_real_def
by (intro some_equality)
(auto simp add: real_of_int_inject[symmetric] simp del: real_of_int_inject)

lemma int_div_zdiv: "int (a div b) = (int a) div (int b)"
by (rule zdiv_int)

lemma int_mod_zmod: "int (a mod b) = (int a) mod (int b)"
by (rule zmod_int)

lemma abs_div_2_less: "a ≠ 0 ==> a ≠ -1 ==> abs((a::int) div 2) < abs a"
by arith

lemma norm_0_1: "(1::_::numeral) = Numeral1"
by auto

lemma add_left_zero: "0 + a = (a::'a::comm_monoid_add)"
by simp

lemma add_right_zero: "a + 0 = (a::'a::comm_monoid_add)"
by simp

lemma mult_left_one: "1 * a = (a::'a::semiring_1)"
by simp

lemma mult_right_one: "a * 1 = (a::'a::semiring_1)"
by simp

lemma int_pow_0: "(a::int)^0 = 1"
by simp

lemma int_pow_1: "(a::int)^(Numeral1) = a"
by simp

lemma one_eq_Numeral1_nring: "(1::'a::numeral) = Numeral1"
by simp

lemma one_eq_Numeral1_nat: "(1::nat) = Numeral1"
by simp

lemma zpower_Pls: "(z::int)^0 = Numeral1"
by simp

lemma fst_cong: "a=a' ==> fst (a,b) = fst (a',b)"
by simp

lemma snd_cong: "b=b' ==> snd (a,b) = snd (a,b')"
by simp

lemma lift_bool: "x ==> x=True"
by simp

lemma nlift_bool: "~x ==> x=False"
by simp

lemma not_false_eq_true: "(~ False) = True" by simp

lemma not_true_eq_false: "(~ True) = False" by simp

lemmas powerarith = nat_numeral zpower_numeral_even
zpower_numeral_odd zpower_Pls

definition float :: "(int × int) => real" where
"float = (λ(a, b). real a * 2 powr real b)"

lemma float_add_l0: "float (0, e) + x = x"
by (simp add: float_def)

lemma float_add_r0: "x + float (0, e) = x"
by (simp add: float_def)

lemma float_add:
"float (a1, e1) + float (a2, e2) =
(if e1<=e2 then float (a1+a2*2^(nat(e2-e1)), e1) else float (a1*2^(nat (e1-e2))+a2, e2))"

by (simp add: float_def algebra_simps powr_realpow[symmetric] powr_divide2[symmetric])

lemma float_mult_l0: "float (0, e) * x = float (0, 0)"
by (simp add: float_def)

lemma float_mult_r0: "x * float (0, e) = float (0, 0)"
by (simp add: float_def)

lemma float_mult:
"float (a1, e1) * float (a2, e2) = (float (a1 * a2, e1 + e2))"
by (simp add: float_def powr_add)

lemma float_minus:
"- (float (a,b)) = float (-a, b)"
by (simp add: float_def)

lemma zero_le_float:
"(0 <= float (a,b)) = (0 <= a)"
using powr_gt_zero[of 2 "real b", arith]
by (simp add: float_def zero_le_mult_iff)

lemma float_le_zero:
"(float (a,b) <= 0) = (a <= 0)"
using powr_gt_zero[of 2 "real b", arith]
by (simp add: float_def mult_le_0_iff)

lemma float_abs:
"abs (float (a,b)) = (if 0 <= a then (float (a,b)) else (float (-a,b)))"
using powr_gt_zero[of 2 "real b", arith]
by (simp add: float_def abs_if mult_less_0_iff)

lemma float_zero:
"float (0, b) = 0"
by (simp add: float_def)

lemma float_pprt:
"pprt (float (a, b)) = (if 0 <= a then (float (a,b)) else (float (0, b)))"
by (auto simp add: zero_le_float float_le_zero float_zero)

lemma float_nprt:
"nprt (float (a, b)) = (if 0 <= a then (float (0,b)) else (float (a, b)))"
by (auto simp add: zero_le_float float_le_zero float_zero)

definition lbound :: "real => real"
where "lbound x = min 0 x"

definition ubound :: "real => real"
where "ubound x = max 0 x"

lemma lbound: "lbound x ≤ x"
by (simp add: lbound_def)

lemma ubound: "x ≤ ubound x"
by (simp add: ubound_def)

lemma pprt_lbound: "pprt (lbound x) = float (0, 0)"
by (auto simp: float_def lbound_def)

lemma nprt_ubound: "nprt (ubound x) = float (0, 0)"
by (auto simp: float_def ubound_def)

lemmas floatarith[simplified norm_0_1] = float_add float_add_l0 float_add_r0 float_mult float_mult_l0 float_mult_r0
float_minus float_abs zero_le_float float_pprt float_nprt pprt_lbound nprt_ubound

(* for use with the compute oracle *)
lemmas arith = arith_simps rel_simps diff_nat_numeral nat_0
nat_neg_numeral powerarith floatarith not_false_eq_true not_true_eq_false

ML_file "~~/src/HOL/Tools/float_arith.ML"

end