File ‹Tools/SMT/smt_normalize.ML›

(*  Title:      HOL/Tools/SMT/smt_normalize.ML
    Author:     Sascha Boehme, TU Muenchen

Normalization steps on theorems required by SMT solvers.
*)

signature SMT_NORMALIZE =
sig
  val drop_fact_warning: Proof.context -> thm -> unit
  val atomize_conv: Proof.context -> conv

  val special_quant_table: (string * thm) list
  val case_bool_entry: string * thm
  val abs_min_max_table: (string * thm) list

  type extra_norm = Proof.context -> thm list * thm list -> thm list * thm list
  val add_extra_norm: SMT_Util.class * extra_norm -> Context.generic -> Context.generic
  val normalize: Proof.context -> (SMT_Util.role * thm) list -> ((int * SMT_Util.role) * thm) list
end;

structure SMT_Normalize: SMT_NORMALIZE =
struct

fun drop_fact_warning ctxt =
  SMT_Config.verbose_msg ctxt (prefix "Warning: dropping assumption: " o
    Thm.string_of_thm ctxt)


(* general theorem normalizations *)

(** instantiate elimination rules **)

local
  val (cpfalse, cfalse) = `SMT_Util.mk_cprop ctermFalse

  fun inst f ct thm =
    let val cv = f (Drule.strip_imp_concl (Thm.cprop_of thm))
    in Thm.instantiate (TVars.empty, Vars.make [(dest_Var (Thm.term_of cv), ct)]) thm end
in

fun instantiate_elim thm =
  (case Thm.concl_of thm of
    Const_Trueprop for Var (_, Typebool) => inst Thm.dest_arg cfalse thm
  | Var _ => inst I cpfalse thm
  | _ => thm)

end


(** normalize definitions **)

fun norm_def thm =
  (case Thm.prop_of thm of
    Const_Trueprop for ConstHOL.eq _ for _ Abs _ => norm_def (thm RS @{thm fun_cong})
  | Const_Pure.eq _ for _ Abs _ => norm_def (HOLogic.mk_obj_eq thm)
  | _ => thm)


(** atomization **)

fun atomize_conv ctxt ct =
  (case Thm.term_of ct of
    Const_Pure.imp for _ _ =>
      Conv.binop_conv (atomize_conv ctxt) then_conv Conv.rewr_conv @{thm atomize_imp}
  | Const_Pure.eq _ for _ _ =>
      Conv.binop_conv (atomize_conv ctxt) then_conv Conv.rewr_conv @{thm atomize_eq}
  | Const_Pure.all _ for Abs _ =>
      Conv.binder_conv (atomize_conv o snd) ctxt then_conv Conv.rewr_conv @{thm atomize_all}
  | _ => Conv.all_conv) ct
  handle CTERM _ => Conv.all_conv ct

val setup_atomize =
  fold SMT_Builtin.add_builtin_fun_ext'' [const_namePure.imp, const_namePure.eq,
    const_namePure.all, const_nameTrueprop]


(** unfold special quantifiers **)

val special_quant_table = [
  (const_nameEx1, @{thm Ex1_def_raw}),
  (const_nameBall, @{thm Ball_def_raw}),
  (const_nameBex, @{thm Bex_def_raw})]

local
  fun special_quant (Const (n, _)) = AList.lookup (op =) special_quant_table n
    | special_quant _ = NONE

  fun special_quant_conv _ ct =
    (case special_quant (Thm.term_of ct) of
      SOME thm => Conv.rewr_conv thm
    | NONE => Conv.all_conv) ct
in

fun unfold_special_quants_conv ctxt =
  SMT_Util.if_exists_conv (is_some o special_quant) (Conv.top_conv special_quant_conv ctxt)

val setup_unfolded_quants = fold (SMT_Builtin.add_builtin_fun_ext'' o fst) special_quant_table

end


(** trigger inference **)

local
  (*** check trigger syntax ***)

  fun dest_trigger (Const (const_namepat, _) $ _) = SOME true
    | dest_trigger (Const (const_namenopat, _) $ _) = SOME false
    | dest_trigger _ = NONE

  fun eq_list [] = false
    | eq_list (b :: bs) = forall (equal b) bs

  fun proper_trigger t =
    t
    |> these o try SMT_Util.dest_symb_list
    |> map (map_filter dest_trigger o these o try SMT_Util.dest_symb_list)
    |> (fn [] => false | bss => forall eq_list bss)

  fun proper_quant inside f t =
    (case t of
      Const_All _ for Abs (_, _, u) => proper_quant true f u
    | Const_Ex _ for Abs (_, _, u) => proper_quant true f u
    | Const_trigger for p u =>
        (if inside then f p else false) andalso proper_quant false f u
    | Abs (_, _, u) => proper_quant false f u
    | u1 $ u2 => proper_quant false f u1 andalso proper_quant false f u2
    | _ => true)

  fun check_trigger_error ctxt t =
    error ("SMT triggers must only occur under quantifier and multipatterns " ^
      "must have the same kind: " ^ Syntax.string_of_term ctxt t)

  fun check_trigger_conv ctxt ct =
    if proper_quant false proper_trigger (SMT_Util.term_of ct) then Conv.all_conv ct
    else check_trigger_error ctxt (Thm.term_of ct)


  (*** infer simple triggers ***)

  fun dest_cond_eq ct =
    (case Thm.term_of ct of
      Const (const_nameHOL.eq, _) $ _ $ _ => Thm.dest_binop ct
    | Const_implies for _ _ => dest_cond_eq (Thm.dest_arg ct)
    | _ => raise CTERM ("no equation", [ct]))

  fun get_constrs thy (Type (n, _)) = these (BNF_LFP_Compat.get_constrs thy n)
    | get_constrs _ _ = []

  fun is_constr thy (n, T) =
    let fun match (m, U) = m = n andalso Sign.typ_instance thy (T, U)
    in can (the o find_first match o get_constrs thy o Term.body_type) T end

  fun is_constr_pat thy t =
    (case Term.strip_comb t of
      (Free _, []) => true
    | (Const c, ts) => is_constr thy c andalso forall (is_constr_pat thy) ts
    | _ => false)

  fun is_simp_lhs ctxt t =
    (case Term.strip_comb t of
      (Const c, ts as _ :: _) =>
        not (SMT_Builtin.is_builtin_fun_ext ctxt c ts) andalso
        forall (is_constr_pat (Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt)) ts
    | _ => false)

  fun has_all_vars vs t =
    subset (op aconv) (vs, map Free (Term.add_frees t []))

  fun minimal_pats vs ct =
    if has_all_vars vs (Thm.term_of ct) then
      (case Thm.term_of ct of
        _ $ _ =>
          (case apply2 (minimal_pats vs) (Thm.dest_comb ct) of
            ([], []) => [[ct]]
          | (ctss, ctss') => union (eq_set (op aconvc)) ctss ctss')
      | _ => [])
    else []

  fun proper_mpat _ _ _ [] = false
    | proper_mpat thy gen u cts =
        let
          val tps = (op ~~) (`gen (map Thm.term_of cts))
          fun some_match u = tps |> exists (fn (t', t) =>
            Pattern.matches thy (t', u) andalso not (t aconv u))
        in not (Term.exists_subterm some_match u) end

  val pat = SMT_Util.mk_const_pat theory const_namepat Thm.dest_ctyp0
  fun mk_pat ct = Thm.apply (SMT_Util.instT' ct pat) ct

  fun mk_clist T =
    apply2 (Thm.cterm_of context) (SMT_Util.symb_cons_const T, SMT_Util.symb_nil_const T)
  fun mk_list (ccons, cnil) f cts = fold_rev (Thm.mk_binop ccons o f) cts cnil
  val mk_pat_list = mk_list (mk_clist typpattern)
  val mk_mpat_list = mk_list (mk_clist typpattern symb_list)
  fun mk_trigger ctss = mk_mpat_list (mk_pat_list mk_pat) ctss

  val trigger_eq = mk_meta_eq @{lemma "p = trigger t p" by (simp add: trigger_def)}

  fun insert_trigger_conv [] ct = Conv.all_conv ct
    | insert_trigger_conv ctss ct =
        let
          val (ctr, cp) = Thm.dest_binop (Thm.rhs_of trigger_eq) ||> rpair ct
          val inst = map (apfst (dest_Var o Thm.term_of)) [cp, (ctr, mk_trigger ctss)]
        in Thm.instantiate (TVars.empty, Vars.make inst) trigger_eq end

  fun infer_trigger_eq_conv outer_ctxt (ctxt, cvs) ct =
    let
      val (lhs, rhs) = dest_cond_eq ct

      val vs = map Thm.term_of cvs
      val thy = Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt

      fun get_mpats ct =
        if is_simp_lhs ctxt (Thm.term_of ct) then minimal_pats vs ct
        else []
      val gen = Variable.export_terms ctxt outer_ctxt
      val filter_mpats = filter (proper_mpat thy gen (Thm.term_of rhs))

    in insert_trigger_conv (filter_mpats (get_mpats lhs)) ct end

  fun has_trigger Const_trigger for _ _ = true
    | has_trigger _ = false

  fun try_trigger_conv cv ct =
    if SMT_Util.under_quant has_trigger (SMT_Util.term_of ct) then Conv.all_conv ct
    else Conv.try_conv cv ct

  fun infer_trigger_conv ctxt =
    if Config.get ctxt SMT_Config.infer_triggers then
      try_trigger_conv (SMT_Util.under_quant_conv (infer_trigger_eq_conv ctxt) ctxt)
    else Conv.all_conv
in

fun trigger_conv ctxt =
  SMT_Util.prop_conv (check_trigger_conv ctxt then_conv infer_trigger_conv ctxt)

val setup_trigger =
  fold SMT_Builtin.add_builtin_fun_ext''
    [const_namepat, const_namenopat, const_nametrigger]

end


(** combined general normalizations **)

fun gen_normalize1_conv ctxt =
  atomize_conv ctxt then_conv
  unfold_special_quants_conv ctxt then_conv
  Thm.beta_conversion true then_conv
  trigger_conv ctxt

fun gen_normalize1 ctxt =
  instantiate_elim #>
  norm_def #>
  Conv.fconv_rule (Thm.beta_conversion true then_conv Thm.eta_conversion) #>
  Thm.forall_intr_vars #>
  Conv.fconv_rule (gen_normalize1_conv ctxt) #>
  (* Z3 4.3.1 silently normalizes "P --> Q --> R" to "P & Q --> R" *)
  Raw_Simplifier.rewrite_rule ctxt @{thms HOL.imp_conjL[symmetric, THEN eq_reflection]}

fun gen_norm1_safe ctxt (i, thm) =
  (case try (gen_normalize1 ctxt) thm of
    SOME thm' => SOME (i, thm')
  | NONE => (drop_fact_warning ctxt thm; NONE))

fun gen_normalize ctxt iwthms = map_filter (gen_norm1_safe ctxt) iwthms


(* unfolding of definitions and theory-specific rewritings *)

fun expand_head_conv cv ct =
  (case Thm.term_of ct of
    _ $ _ =>
      Conv.fun_conv (expand_head_conv cv) then_conv
      Conv.try_conv (Thm.beta_conversion false)
  | _ => cv) ct


(** rewrite bool case expressions as if expressions **)

val case_bool_entry = (const_namebool.case_bool, @{thm case_bool_if})

local
  fun is_case_bool (Const (const_namebool.case_bool, _)) = true
    | is_case_bool _ = false

  fun unfold_conv _ =
    SMT_Util.if_true_conv (is_case_bool o Term.head_of)
      (expand_head_conv (Conv.rewr_conv @{thm case_bool_if}))
in

fun rewrite_case_bool_conv ctxt =
  SMT_Util.if_exists_conv is_case_bool (Conv.top_conv unfold_conv ctxt)

val setup_case_bool = SMT_Builtin.add_builtin_fun_ext'' const_namebool.case_bool

end


(** unfold abs, min and max **)

val abs_min_max_table = [
  (const_namemin, @{thm min_def_raw}),
  (const_namemax, @{thm max_def_raw}),
  (const_nameabs, @{thm abs_if_raw})]

local
  fun abs_min_max ctxt (Const (n, Type (type_namefun, [T, _]))) =
        (case AList.lookup (op =) abs_min_max_table n of
          NONE => NONE
        | SOME thm => if SMT_Builtin.is_builtin_typ_ext ctxt T then SOME thm else NONE)
    | abs_min_max _ _ = NONE

  fun unfold_amm_conv ctxt ct =
    (case abs_min_max ctxt (Term.head_of (Thm.term_of ct)) of
      SOME thm => expand_head_conv (Conv.rewr_conv thm)
    | NONE => Conv.all_conv) ct
in

fun unfold_abs_min_max_conv ctxt =
  SMT_Util.if_exists_conv (is_some o abs_min_max ctxt) (Conv.top_conv unfold_amm_conv ctxt)

val setup_abs_min_max = fold (SMT_Builtin.add_builtin_fun_ext'' o fst) abs_min_max_table

end


(** embedding of standard natural number operations into integer operations **)

local
  val simple_nat_ops = [
    ConstHOL.eq Typenat, Constless Typenat, Constless_eq Typenat,
    ConstSuc, Constplus Typenat, Constminus Typenat]

  val nat_consts = simple_nat_ops @
    [Constnumeral Typenat, Constzero_class.zero Typenat, Constone_class.one Typenat] @
    [Consttimes Typenat, Constdivide Typenat, Constmodulo Typenat]

  val is_nat_const = member (op aconv) nat_consts

  val nat_int_thm = Thm.symmetric (mk_meta_eq @{thm nat_int})
  val nat_int_comp_thms = map mk_meta_eq @{thms nat_int_comparison}
  val int_ops_thms = map mk_meta_eq @{thms int_ops}
  val int_if_thm = mk_meta_eq @{thm int_if}

  fun if_conv cv1 cv2 = Conv.combination_conv (Conv.combination_conv (Conv.arg_conv cv1) cv2) cv2

  fun int_ops_conv cv ctxt ct =
    (case Thm.term_of ct of
      Const_of_nat Typeint for Const_If _ for _ _ _ =>
        Conv.rewr_conv int_if_thm then_conv
        if_conv (cv ctxt) (int_ops_conv cv ctxt)
    | Constof_nat Typeint for _ =>
        (Conv.rewrs_conv int_ops_thms then_conv
          Conv.top_sweep_conv (int_ops_conv cv) ctxt) else_conv
        Conv.arg_conv (Conv.sub_conv cv ctxt)
    | _ => Conv.no_conv) ct

  val unfold_nat_let_conv = Conv.rewr_conv @{lemma "Let (n::nat) f  f n" by (rule Let_def)}
  val drop_nat_int_conv = Conv.rewr_conv (Thm.symmetric nat_int_thm)

  fun nat_to_int_conv ctxt ct = (
    Conv.top_conv (K (Conv.try_conv unfold_nat_let_conv)) ctxt then_conv
    Conv.top_sweep_conv nat_conv ctxt then_conv
    Conv.top_conv (K (Conv.try_conv drop_nat_int_conv)) ctxt) ct

  and nat_conv ctxt ct = (
      Conv.rewrs_conv (nat_int_thm :: nat_int_comp_thms) then_conv
      Conv.top_sweep_conv (int_ops_conv nat_to_int_conv) ctxt) ct

  fun add_int_of_nat vs ct cu (q, cts) =
    (case Thm.term_of ct of
      Constof_nat Typeint =>
        if Term.exists_subterm (member (op aconv) vs) (Thm.term_of cu) then (true, cts)
        else (q, insert (op aconvc) cu cts)
    | _ => (q, cts))

  fun add_apps f vs ct = 
    (case Thm.term_of ct of
      _ $ _ =>
        let val (cu1, cu2) = Thm.dest_comb ct
        in f vs cu1 cu2 #> add_apps f vs cu1 #> add_apps f vs cu2 end
    | Abs _ =>
        let val (cv, cu) = Thm.dest_abs_global ct
        in add_apps f (Thm.term_of cv :: vs) cu end
    | _ => I)

  val int_thm = @{lemma "(0::int) <= int (n::nat)" by simp}
  val nat_int_thms = @{lemma
    "n::nat. (0::int) <= int n"
    "n::nat. nat (int n) = n"
    "i::int. int (nat i) = (if 0 <= i then i else 0)"
    by simp_all}
  val var = Term.dest_Var (Thm.term_of (funpow 3 Thm.dest_arg (Thm.cprop_of int_thm)))
in

fun nat_as_int_conv ctxt = SMT_Util.if_exists_conv is_nat_const (nat_to_int_conv ctxt)

fun add_int_of_nat_constraints thms =
  let val (q, cts) = fold (add_apps add_int_of_nat [] o Thm.cprop_of) thms (false, [])
  in
    if q then (thms, nat_int_thms)
    else (thms, map (fn ct => Thm.instantiate (TVars.empty, Vars.make [(var, ct)]) int_thm) cts)
  end

val setup_nat_as_int =
  SMT_Builtin.add_builtin_typ_ext (typnat,
    fn ctxt => K (Config.get ctxt SMT_Config.nat_as_int)) #>
  fold (SMT_Builtin.add_builtin_fun_ext' o Term.dest_Const) simple_nat_ops

end


(** normalize numerals **)

local
  (*
    rewrite Numeral1 into 1
    rewrite - 0 into 0
  *)

  fun is_irregular_number (Const (const_namenumeral, _) $ Const (const_namenum.One, _)) =
        true
    | is_irregular_number (Const (const_nameuminus, _) $ Const (const_nameGroups.zero, _)) =
        true
    | is_irregular_number _ = false

  fun is_strange_number ctxt t = is_irregular_number t andalso SMT_Builtin.is_builtin_num ctxt t

  val proper_num_ss =
    simpset_of (put_simpset HOL_ss context addsimps @{thms Num.numeral_One minus_zero})

  fun norm_num_conv ctxt =
    SMT_Util.if_conv (is_strange_number ctxt) (Simplifier.rewrite (put_simpset proper_num_ss ctxt))
      Conv.no_conv
in

fun normalize_numerals_conv ctxt =
  SMT_Util.if_exists_conv (is_strange_number ctxt) (Conv.top_sweep_conv norm_num_conv ctxt)

end


(** combined unfoldings and rewritings **)

fun burrow_ids f ithms =
  let
    val (is, thms) = split_list ithms
    val (thms', extra_thms) = f thms
  in (is ~~ thms') @ map (pair (~1, SMT_Util.Axiom)) extra_thms end

fun unfold_conv ctxt =
  rewrite_case_bool_conv ctxt then_conv
  unfold_abs_min_max_conv ctxt then_conv
  (if Config.get ctxt SMT_Config.nat_as_int then nat_as_int_conv ctxt
   else Conv.all_conv) then_conv
  Thm.beta_conversion true

fun unfold_polymorph ctxt = map (apsnd (Conv.fconv_rule (unfold_conv ctxt)))
fun unfold_monomorph ctxt =
  map (apsnd (Conv.fconv_rule (normalize_numerals_conv ctxt)))
  #> Config.get ctxt SMT_Config.nat_as_int ? burrow_ids add_int_of_nat_constraints


(* overall normalization *)

type extra_norm = Proof.context -> thm list * thm list -> thm list * thm list

structure Extra_Norms = Generic_Data
(
  type T = extra_norm SMT_Util.dict
  val empty = []
  fun merge data = SMT_Util.dict_merge fst data
)

fun add_extra_norm (cs, norm) = Extra_Norms.map (SMT_Util.dict_update (cs, norm))

fun apply_extra_norms ctxt ithms =
  let
    val cs = SMT_Config.solver_class_of ctxt
    val es = SMT_Util.dict_lookup (Extra_Norms.get (Context.Proof ctxt)) cs
  in burrow_ids (fold (fn e => e ctxt) es o rpair []) ithms end

local
  val ignored = member (op =) [const_nameAll, const_nameEx,
    const_nameLet, const_nameIf, const_nameHOL.eq]

  val schematic_consts_of =
    let
      fun collect Const_trigger for p t = collect_trigger p #> collect t
        | collect (t $ u) = collect t #> collect u
        | collect (Abs (_, _, t)) = collect t
        | collect (t as Const (n, _)) =
            if not (ignored n) then Monomorph.add_schematic_consts_of t else I
        | collect _ = I
      and collect_trigger t =
        let val dest = these o try SMT_Util.dest_symb_list
        in fold (fold collect_pat o dest) (dest t) end
      and collect_pat (Const (const_namepat, _) $ t) = collect t
        | collect_pat (Const (const_namenopat, _) $ t) = collect t
        | collect_pat _ = I
    in (fn t => collect t Symtab.empty) end
in

fun monomorph ctxt xthms =
  let val (xs, thms) = split_list xthms
  in
    map (pair 1) thms
    |> Monomorph.monomorph schematic_consts_of ctxt
    |> maps (uncurry (map o pair)) o map2 pair xs o map (map snd)
  end

end

fun normalize ctxt wthms =
  wthms
  |> map_index (fn (n, (role, thm)) => ((n, role), thm))
  |> gen_normalize ctxt
  |> unfold_polymorph ctxt
  |> monomorph ctxt
  |> unfold_monomorph ctxt
  |> apply_extra_norms ctxt

val _ = Theory.setup (Context.theory_map (
  setup_atomize #>
  setup_unfolded_quants #>
  setup_trigger #>
  setup_case_bool #>
  setup_abs_min_max #>
  setup_nat_as_int))

end;