The definition of XML sparked significant interest in standardized storage and transfer of structured information. While at present, XML enjoys significant interest and investment from industry, it is only one example of a generic data structuring language. XML itself emerged as a simple subset of the Structured General Markup Language (SGML), a mid-1980s ISO standard.
A large number of alternative technologies for representation of structured data are emerging now. Many of these were proposed to address shortcomings of XML. Some are merely alternative syntaxes for XML's abstract data model ("infoset"). Others propose radically different data models, some of which are both simpler to handle and at the same time more expressive.
The first aim of this project is to collect a list of the existing
variety of markup languages and similar specifications for generic
structures file formats. The preliminary result is our brief survey of general-purpose data-representation formats and markup languages and will be updated as we
discover and review more technologies. If you have any suggestions for
improvements or other languages, formats, useful links, etc., then
please email me at
Steven.Murdoch at cl.cam.ac.uk.
$Date: 2005-07-28 13:45:07 +0100 (Thu, 28 Jul 2005) $.