MESON_TAC : thm list -> tactic

SYNOPSIS
Automated first-order proof search tactic.

DESCRIPTION
A call to MESON_TAC[theorems] will attempt to establish the current goal using pure first-order reasoning, taking theorems as the starting-point. (It does not take the assumptions of the goal into account, but the similar function ASM_MESON_TAC does.) It will usually either solve the goal completely or run for an infeasible length of time before terminating, but it may sometimes fail quickly. Although MESON_TAC is capable of some fairly non-obvious pieces of first-order reasoning, and will handle equality adequately, it does purely logical reasoning. It will exploit no special properties of the constants in the goal, other than equality and logical primitives. Any properties that are needed must be supplied explicitly in the theorem list, e.g. LE_REFL to tell it that <= on natural numbers is reflexive, or REAL_ADD_SYM to tell it that addition on real numbers is symmetric.

FAILURE CONDITIONS
Fails if the goal is unprovable within the search bounds, though not necessarily in a feasible amount of time.

EXAMPLE
Here is a simple logical property taken from Dijstra's EWD 1062-1, which we set as our goal:
  # g `(!x. x <= x) /\
       (!x y z. x <= y /\ y <= z ==> x <= z) /\
       (!x y. f(x) <= y <=> x <= g(y))
       ==> (!x y. x <= y ==> f(x) <= f(y))`;;
It is solved quickly by:
  # e(MESON_TAC[]);;
  0..0..1..3..8..17..solved at 25
  CPU time (user): 0.
  val it : goalstack = No subgoals
Note however that the proof did not rely on any special features of `<='; any binary relation symbol would have worked. Even simple proofs that rely on special properties of the constants need to have those properties supplied in the list. Note also that MESON is limited to essentially first-order reasoning, meaning that it cannot invent higher-order quantifier instantiations. Thus, it cannot prove the following, which involves a quantification over a function g:
 # g `!f:A->B s.
        (!x y. x IN s /\ y IN s /\ (f x = f y) ==> (x = y)) <=>
        (?g. !x. x IN s ==> (g(f(x)) = x))`;;
However, we can manually reduce it to two subgoals:
  # e(REPEAT GEN_TAC THEN MATCH_MP_TAC EQ_TRANS THEN
      EXISTS_TAC `?g:B->A. !y x. x IN s /\ y = f x ==> g y = x` THEN
      CONJ_TAC THENL
       [REWRITE_TAC[GSYM SKOLEM_THM]; AP_TERM_TAC THEN ABS_TAC]);;
  val it : goalstack = 2 subgoals (2 total)

  `(!y x. x IN s /\ y = f x ==> g y = x) <=> (!x. x IN s ==> g (f x) = x)`

  `(!x y. x IN s /\ y IN s /\ f x = f y ==> x = y) <=>
   (!y. ?g. !x. x IN s /\ y = f x ==> g = x)`
and both of those are solvable directly by MESON_TAC[].

SEE ALSO
ASM_MESON_TAC, GEN_MESON_TAC, MESON.