Policies related to Computer Laboratory web pages
Top-level web pages
The top-level web pages include the front page and the main sections linked from it, including portals for applicants, students, and staff. They are listed (along with some other pages) on http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/sitemap/.
- Design philosophy
The top-level web pages are designed to be simple in style (for quick download), uncluttered, attractive, easy to navigate, consistent in style, and centrally managed. They aim to follow the University house style for departments.
- Annual review
The top-level web pages will be checked annually, by the pagemaster, for out-of-date information and inconsistent links. It is expected that this check will take place over the summer.
Course-related web pages
Pagemaster creates every year a new set of directories under http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/teaching/current/, one for each taught lecture course, practical, or information lecture.
Arrangements for course pages are documented separately.
Other web pages
These are all other web pages accessible through the server www.cl.cam.ac.uk.
Someone must be responsible for each page. It should be obvious from the page who that person is. This will ensure that errors and updates can be reported and implemented
- Standard style
The Laboratory imposes no standard style on web pages below the top level. People who wish to use the standard style for official pages are welcome to use the ucampas tool. Authors should attempt to make their pages attractive, correct, and should strive to ensure that pages will work with a wide range of browser software.
No page should have on it content which would bring into disrepute the Computer Laboratory or the University of Cambridge. All text should be proof-read for both spelling and sense.
- File space
All official Laboratory pages should be on the same file server as the top-level pages. This prevents the webmaster from being inundated with queries when the web file server is up but your file server is down. Appropriate directories can be created by the webmaster. Official pages include lecture notes and research group pages. They do not include personal pages.
Research group pages
Each research group should strive to have a consistent look and feel to its set of web pages and is invited to use the ucampas tool that formats the top-level web pages.
- File space
Each research group's web pages should be located in an appropriate directory on the main web page file server. The webmaster can set up an appropriate directory under http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/research/ for you. Where desired, Subversion-based collaborative page management similar to that used for the top-level pages can be arranged, using a dedicated repository. (Ask pagemaster for detailed advice.)
Each research group should nominate a member in charge of its main web pages and the contact details of this person should be clear from the pages. New group webmasters are most welcome to contact pagemaster for a brief training session of locally available page management tools.
Personal pages which are in the Laboratory's standard style should ideally contain only work-related material. Material of a more personal nature should avoid the Laboratory's standard style, to emphasize the fact that they are not related to the Laboratory's business.
Hyperlinks should have the form of a noun phrase that best describes the content of the target (e.g., the title of a document). In particular, avoid using the word "here" as the text of a hyperlink. This helps both human readers and search engines.
URLs and filenames
Externally visible URL components (i.e. directories and filenames) should preferably
- only contain characters from the set [a-z0-9.-],
- be the single, short English noun (or word or commonly used acronym) that best describes the page content,
- not repeat (without good reason) information that is apparent from the parent's name,
- lead to a meaningful sorting order (e.g. dates should be big-endian all-numeric – ISO 8601).
Limiting the character set and keeping URLs short makes it easier to communicate them verbally and enter them on mobile devices.
If an HTML file refers to images or sub pages that are not shared by any other pages (or is likely to do so in future), it should be called index.html and sit in a directory of its own, such that its URL ends in a slash.
Symbolic links can be used to make other directories on the filer (e.g., research group filespace) visible via the main web site. Please take care that any such export of additional file-space is clearly marked, e.g. by calling the exported folder “public”, “public_html”, “www” or similar. For example:
$ ln -s /usr/groups/comparch/www /anfs/www/html/research/comparch
Be careful not to accidentally link other directories on the filer that were never intended to be public.
Avoid using symbolic links in any way that causes the same file to appear under multiple URLs on the web:
- There should ideally be only one canonical URL for each topic or piece of information.
- Symbolic links that cause the same file to appear under multiple URLs can easily break relative URLs in links from that page, as it no longer has a single base URL.
- People editing a page may not be aware that it also appears in another context.
- Multiple URLs for the same file can lead to slightly confusing results with search engines.
- Windows users can’t see symbolic links on the filer and in Subversion as such.
Alternatives to symbolic links:
- HTTP redirects (place a Redirect directive into .htaccess)
- Ucampas crosslinks with *link entries in uconfig.txt
Images, if used, should be of reasonable quality; a grotty photo does nothing for our overall image (pun intended). Images that appear on web pages often later attract interest for possible reuse in in print publications. Therefore, low-resolution images should be links to high-resolution versions of the same (possibly uncropped) image.
The use of JPEG files should be limited to photographs; for icons, logos, line drawings, screenshots, and other non-photographic content, the PNG format is usually better suited, ideally (where practical) with a link to a resolution-independent vector-graphics format (such as PDF).
Ideally, provide metadata and in particular copyright and licensing information. These can also be embedded into image files, e.g.
exiftool \ -Creator="Markus Kuhn" \ -Source="Markus Kuhn" \ -Description="Front view of the William Gates Building, October 2011" \ -Rights="This work is licensed to the public under the "\ "Creative Commons Attribution license "\ "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ verify at "\ "http://www.wolfson.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/wgb-2011.jpg" \ -License="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/" \ -AttributionName="Markus Kuhn" \ -AttributionURL="http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/" \ wgb-2011.jpg
Video (and long audio) content usually involves huge files and is best hosted outside the regular web directories. On the departmental filer /anfs/www-video exists for this purpose and files there can be refered to via symbolic links from the web space. With widespread support of the HTML5 <video> element, the H.264 format, and HTTP-based byte-range streaming, videos can now be embedded into web pages almost as easily as images. If maximum compatibility with older technologies is desired or substantial non-CUDN traffic is expected, they can also be hosted on a dedicated video server that takes care of streaming, format conversion, and archiving, such as the Computing Service's Streaming Media Service.