SSH_CONFIG(5)               BSD File Formats Manual              SSH_CONFIG(5)
NAME
     ssh_config - OpenSSH SSH client configuration files

SYNOPSIS
     ~/.ssh/config
     /etc/ssh/ssh_config

DESCRIPTION
     ssh(1) obtains configuration data from the following sources in the fol-
     lowing order:

           1.   command-line options
           2.   user's configuration file (~/.ssh/config)
           3.   system-wide configuration file (/etc/ssh/ssh_config)

     For each parameter, the first obtained value will be used.  The configu-
     ration files contain sections separated by "Host" specifications, and
     that section is only applied for hosts that match one of the patterns
     given in the specification.  The matched host name is the one given on
     the command line.

     Since the first obtained value for each parameter is used, more host-spe-
     cific declarations should be given near the beginning of the file, and
     general defaults at the end.

     The configuration file has the following format:

     Empty lines and lines starting with '#' are comments.  Otherwise a line
     is of the format "keyword arguments".  Configuration options may be sepa-
     rated by whitespace or optional whitespace and exactly one '='; the lat-
     ter format is useful to avoid the need to quote whitespace when specify-
     ing configuration options using the ssh, scp, and sftp -o option.  Argu-
     ments may optionally be enclosed in double quotes (") in order to repre-
     sent arguments containing spaces.

     The possible keywords and their meanings are as follows (note that key-
     words are case-insensitive and arguments are case-sensitive):

     Host    Restricts the following declarations (up to the next Host key-
             word) to be only for those hosts that match one of the patterns
             given after the keyword.  A single '*' as a pattern can be used
             to provide global defaults for all hosts.  The host is the
             hostname argument given on the command line (i.e. the name is not
             converted to a canonicalized host name before matching).

             See PATTERNS for more information on patterns.

     AddressFamily
             Specifies which address family to use when connecting.  Valid
             arguments are "any", "inet" (use IPv4 only), or "inet6" (use IPv6
             only).

     BatchMode
             If set to "yes", passphrase/password querying will be disabled.
             This option is useful in scripts and other batch jobs where no
             user is present to supply the password.  The argument must be
             "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".

     BindAddress
             Use the specified address on the local machine as the source
             address of the connection.  Only useful on systems with more than
             one address.  Note that this option does not work if
             UsePrivilegedPort is set to "yes".

     ChallengeResponseAuthentication
             Specifies whether to use challenge-response authentication.  The
             argument to this keyword must be "yes" or "no".  The default is
             "yes".

     CheckHostIP
             If this flag is set to "yes", ssh(1) will additionally check the
             host IP address in the known_hosts file.  This allows ssh to
             detect if a host key changed due to DNS spoofing.  If the option
             is set to "no", the check will not be executed.  The default is
             "yes".

     Cipher  Specifies the cipher to use for encrypting the session in proto-
             col version 1.  Currently, "blowfish", "3des", and "des" are sup-
             ported.  des is only supported in the ssh(1) client for interop-
             erability with legacy protocol 1 implementations that do not sup-
             port the 3des cipher.  Its use is strongly discouraged due to
             cryptographic weaknesses.  The default is "3des".

     Ciphers
             Specifies the ciphers allowed for protocol version 2 in order of
             preference.  Multiple ciphers must be comma-separated.  The sup-
             ported ciphers are "3des-cbc", "aes128-cbc", "aes192-cbc",
             "aes256-cbc", "aes128-ctr", "aes192-ctr", "aes256-ctr",
             "arcfour128", "arcfour256", "arcfour", "blowfish-cbc", and
             "cast128-cbc".  The default is:

                aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour128,
                arcfour256,arcfour,aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc,aes128-ctr,
                aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr

     ClearAllForwardings
             Specifies that all local, remote, and dynamic port forwardings
             specified in the configuration files or on the command line be
             cleared.  This option is primarily useful when used from the
             ssh(1) command line to clear port forwardings set in configura-
             tion files, and is automatically set by scp(1) and sftp(1).  The
             argument must be "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".

     Compression
             Specifies whether to use compression.  The argument must be "yes"
             or "no".  The default is "no".

     CompressionLevel
             Specifies the compression level to use if compression is enabled.
             The argument must be an integer from 1 (fast) to 9 (slow, best).
             The default level is 6, which is good for most applications.  The
             meaning of the values is the same as in gzip(1).  Note that this
             option applies to protocol version 1 only.

     ConnectionAttempts
             Specifies the number of tries (one per second) to make before
             exiting.  The argument must be an integer.  This may be useful in
             scripts if the connection sometimes fails.  The default is 1.

     ConnectTimeout
             Specifies the timeout (in seconds) used when connecting to the
             SSH server, instead of using the default system TCP timeout.
             This value is used only when the target is down or really
             unreachable, not when it refuses the connection.

     ControlMaster
             Enables the sharing of multiple sessions over a single network
             connection.  When set to "yes", ssh(1) will listen for connec-
             tions on a control socket specified using the ControlPath argu-
             ment.  Additional sessions can connect to this socket using the
             same ControlPath with ControlMaster set to "no" (the default).
             These sessions will try to reuse the master instance's network
             connection rather than initiating new ones, but will fall back to
             connecting normally if the control socket does not exist, or is
             not listening.

             Setting this to "ask" will cause ssh to listen for control con-
             nections, but require confirmation using the SSH_ASKPASS program
             before they are accepted (see ssh-add(1) for details).  If the
             ControlPath cannot be opened, ssh will continue without connect-
             ing to a master instance.

             X11 and ssh-agent(1) forwarding is supported over these multi-
             plexed connections, however the display and agent forwarded will
             be the one belonging to the master connection i.e. it is not pos-
             sible to forward multiple displays or agents.

             Two additional options allow for opportunistic multiplexing: try
             to use a master connection but fall back to creating a new one if
             one does not already exist.  These options are: "auto" and
             "autoask".  The latter requires confirmation like the "ask"
             option.

     ControlPath
             Specify the path to the control socket used for connection shar-
             ing as described in the ControlMaster section above or the string
             "none" to disable connection sharing.  In the path, '%l' will be
             substituted by the local host name, '%h' will be substituted by
             the target host name, '%p' the port, and '%r' by the remote login
             username.  It is recommended that any ControlPath used for oppor-
             tunistic connection sharing include at least %h, %p, and %r.
             This ensures that shared connections are uniquely identified.

     DynamicForward
             Specifies that a TCP port on the local machine be forwarded over
             the secure channel, and the application protocol is then used to
             determine where to connect to from the remote machine.

             The argument must be [bind_address:]port.  IPv6 addresses can be
             specified by enclosing addresses in square brackets or by using
             an alternative syntax: [bind_address/]port.  By default, the
             local port is bound in accordance with the GatewayPorts setting.
             However, an explicit bind_address may be used to bind the connec-
             tion to a specific address.  The bind_address of "localhost"
             indicates that the listening port be bound for local use only,
             while an empty address or '*' indicates that the port should be
             available from all interfaces.

             Currently the SOCKS4 and SOCKS5 protocols are supported, and
             ssh(1) will act as a SOCKS server.  Multiple forwardings may be
             specified, and additional forwardings can be given on the command
             line.  Only the superuser can forward privileged ports.

     EnableSSHKeysign
             Setting this option to "yes" in the global client configuration
             file /etc/ssh/ssh_config enables the use of the helper program
             ssh-keysign(8) during HostbasedAuthentication.  The argument must
             be "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".  This option should be
             placed in the non-hostspecific section.  See ssh-keysign(8) for
             more information.

     EscapeChar
             Sets the escape character (default: '~').  The escape character
             can also be set on the command line.  The argument should be a
             single character, '^' followed by a letter, or "none" to disable
             the escape character entirely (making the connection transparent
             for binary data).

     ExitOnForwardFailure
             Specifies whether ssh(1) should terminate the connection if it
             cannot set up all requested dynamic, tunnel, local, and remote
             port forwardings.  The argument must be "yes" or "no".  The
             default is "no".

     ForwardAgent
             Specifies whether the connection to the authentication agent (if
             any) will be forwarded to the remote machine.  The argument must
             be "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".

             Agent forwarding should be enabled with caution.  Users with the
             ability to bypass file permissions on the remote host (for the
             agent's Unix-domain socket) can access the local agent through
             the forwarded connection.  An attacker cannot obtain key material
             from the agent, however they can perform operations on the keys
             that enable them to authenticate using the identities loaded into
             the agent.

     ForwardX11
             Specifies whether X11 connections will be automatically redi-
             rected over the secure channel and DISPLAY set.  The argument
             must be "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".

             X11 forwarding should be enabled with caution.  Users with the
             ability to bypass file permissions on the remote host (for the
             user's X11 authorization database) can access the local X11 dis-
             play through the forwarded connection.  An attacker may then be
             able to perform activities such as keystroke monitoring if the
             ForwardX11Trusted option is also enabled.

     ForwardX11Trusted
             If this option is set to "yes", remote X11 clients will have full
             access to the original X11 display.

             If this option is set to "no", remote X11 clients will be consid-
             ered untrusted and prevented from stealing or tampering with data
             belonging to trusted X11 clients.  Furthermore, the xauth(1)
             token used for the session will be set to expire after 20 min-
             utes.  Remote clients will be refused access after this time.

             The default is "no".

             See the X11 SECURITY extension specification for full details on
             the restrictions imposed on untrusted clients.

     GatewayPorts
             Specifies whether remote hosts are allowed to connect to local
             forwarded ports.  By default, ssh(1) binds local port forwardings
             to the loopback address.  This prevents other remote hosts from
             connecting to forwarded ports.  GatewayPorts can be used to spec-
             ify that ssh should bind local port forwardings to the wildcard
             address, thus allowing remote hosts to connect to forwarded
             ports.  The argument must be "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".

     GlobalKnownHostsFile
             Specifies a file to use for the global host key database instead
             of /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts.

     GSSAPIAuthentication
             Specifies whether user authentication based on GSSAPI is allowed.
             The default is "no".  Note that this option applies to protocol
             version 2 only.

     GSSAPIDelegateCredentials
             Forward (delegate) credentials to the server.  The default is
             "no".  Note that this option applies to protocol version 2 only.

     HashKnownHosts
             Indicates that ssh(1) should hash host names and addresses when
             they are added to ~/.ssh/known_hosts.  These hashed names may be
             used normally by ssh(1) and sshd(8), but they do not reveal iden-
             tifying information should the file's contents be disclosed.  The
             default is "no".  Note that existing names and addresses in known
             hosts files will not be converted automatically, but may be manu-
             ally hashed using ssh-keygen(1).

     HostbasedAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication with public
             key authentication.  The argument must be "yes" or "no".  The
             default is "no".  This option applies to protocol version 2 only
             and is similar to RhostsRSAAuthentication.

     HostKeyAlgorithms
             Specifies the protocol version 2 host key algorithms that the
             client wants to use in order of preference.  The default for this
             option is: "ssh-rsa,ssh-dss".

     HostKeyAlias
             Specifies an alias that should be used instead of the real host
             name when looking up or saving the host key in the host key
             database files.  This option is useful for tunneling SSH connec-
             tions or for multiple servers running on a single host.

     HostName
             Specifies the real host name to log into.  This can be used to
             specify nicknames or abbreviations for hosts.  The default is the
             name given on the command line.  Numeric IP addresses are also
             permitted (both on the command line and in HostName specifica-
             tions).

     IdentitiesOnly
             Specifies that ssh(1) should only use the authentication identity
             files configured in the ssh_config files, even if ssh-agent(1)
             offers more identities.  The argument to this keyword must be
             "yes" or "no".  This option is intended for situations where ssh-
             agent offers many different identities.  The default is "no".

     IdentityFile
             Specifies a file from which the user's RSA or DSA authentication
             identity is read.  The default is ~/.ssh/identity for protocol
             version 1, and ~/.ssh/id_rsa and ~/.ssh/id_dsa for protocol ver-
             sion 2.  Additionally, any identities represented by the authen-
             tication agent will be used for authentication.

             The file name may use the tilde syntax to refer to a user's home
             directory or one of the following escape characters: '%d' (local
             user's home directory), '%u' (local user name), '%l' (local host
             name), '%h' (remote host name) or '%r' (remote user name).

             It is possible to have multiple identity files specified in con-
             figuration files; all these identities will be tried in sequence.

     KbdInteractiveDevices
             Specifies the list of methods to use in keyboard-interactive
             authentication.  Multiple method names must be comma-separated.
             The default is to use the server specified list.  The methods
             available vary depending on what the server supports.  For an
             OpenSSH server, it may be zero or more of: "bsdauth", "pam", and
             "skey".

     LocalCommand
             Specifies a command to execute on the local machine after suc-
             cessfully connecting to the server.  The command string extends
             to the end of the line, and is executed with /bin/sh.  This
             directive is ignored unless PermitLocalCommand has been enabled.

     LocalForward
             Specifies that a TCP port on the local machine be forwarded over
             the secure channel to the specified host and port from the remote
             machine.  The first argument must be [bind_address:]port and the
             second argument must be host:hostport.  IPv6 addresses can be
             specified by enclosing addresses in square brackets or by using
             an alternative syntax: [bind_address/]port and host/hostport.
             Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional forwardings
             can be given on the command line.  Only the superuser can forward
             privileged ports.  By default, the local port is bound in accor-
             dance with the GatewayPorts setting.  However, an explicit
             bind_address may be used to bind the connection to a specific
             address.  The bind_address of "localhost" indicates that the lis-
             tening port be bound for local use only, while an empty address
             or '*' indicates that the port should be available from all
             interfaces.

     LogLevel
             Gives the verbosity level that is used when logging messages from
             ssh(1).  The possible values are: QUIET, FATAL, ERROR, INFO, VER-
             BOSE, DEBUG, DEBUG1, DEBUG2, and DEBUG3.  The default is INFO.
             DEBUG and DEBUG1 are equivalent.  DEBUG2 and DEBUG3 each specify
             higher levels of verbose output.

     MACs    Specifies the MAC (message authentication code) algorithms in
             order of preference.  The MAC algorithm is used in protocol ver-
             sion 2 for data integrity protection.  Multiple algorithms must
             be comma-separated.  The default is:

                   hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,umac-64@openssh.com,
                   hmac-ripemd160,hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96

     NoHostAuthenticationForLocalhost
             This option can be used if the home directory is shared across
             machines.  In this case localhost will refer to a different
             machine on each of the machines and the user will get many warn-
             ings about changed host keys.  However, this option disables host
             authentication for localhost.  The argument to this keyword must
             be "yes" or "no".  The default is to check the host key for
             localhost.

     NumberOfPasswordPrompts
             Specifies the number of password prompts before giving up.  The
             argument to this keyword must be an integer.  The default is 3.

     PasswordAuthentication
             Specifies whether to use password authentication.  The argument
             to this keyword must be "yes" or "no".  The default is "yes".

     PermitLocalCommand
             Allow local command execution via the LocalCommand option or
             using the !command escape sequence in ssh(1).  The argument must
             be "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".

     Port    Specifies the port number to connect on the remote host.  The
             default is 22.

     PreferredAuthentications
             Specifies the order in which the client should try protocol 2
             authentication methods.  This allows a client to prefer one
             method (e.g. keyboard-interactive) over another method (e.g.
             password) The default for this option is: "gssapi-with-mic,
             hostbased, publickey, keyboard-interactive, password".

     Protocol
             Specifies the protocol versions ssh(1) should support in order of
             preference.  The possible values are '1' and '2'.  Multiple ver-
             sions must be comma-separated.  The default is "2,1".  This means
             that ssh tries version 2 and falls back to version 1 if version 2
             is not available.

     ProxyCommand
             Specifies the command to use to connect to the server.  The com-
             mand string extends to the end of the line, and is executed with
             /bin/sh.  In the command string, '%h' will be substituted by the
             host name to connect and '%p' by the port.  The command can be
             basically anything, and should read from its standard input and
             write to its standard output.  It should eventually connect an
             sshd(8) server running on some machine, or execute sshd -i some-
             where.  Host key management will be done using the HostName of
             the host being connected (defaulting to the name typed by the
             user).  Setting the command to "none" disables this option
             entirely.  Note that CheckHostIP is not available for connects
             with a proxy command.

             This directive is useful in conjunction with nc(1) and its proxy
             support.  For example, the following directive would connect via
             an HTTP proxy at 192.0.2.0:

                ProxyCommand /usr/bin/nc -X connect -x 192.0.2.0:8080 %h %p

     PubkeyAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try public key authentication.  The argument
             to this keyword must be "yes" or "no".  The default is "yes".
             This option applies to protocol version 2 only.

     RekeyLimit
             Specifies the maximum amount of data that may be transmitted
             before the session key is renegotiated.  The argument is the num-
             ber of bytes, with an optional suffix of 'K', 'M', or 'G' to
             indicate Kilobytes, Megabytes, or Gigabytes, respectively.  The
             default is between '1G' and '4G', depending on the cipher.  This
             option applies to protocol version 2 only.

     RemoteForward
             Specifies that a TCP port on the remote machine be forwarded over
             the secure channel to the specified host and port from the local
             machine.  The first argument must be [bind_address:]port and the
             second argument must be host:hostport.  IPv6 addresses can be
             specified by enclosing addresses in square brackets or by using
             an alternative syntax: [bind_address/]port and host/hostport.
             Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional forwardings
             can be given on the command line.  Only the superuser can forward
             privileged ports.

             If the bind_address is not specified, the default is to only bind
             to loopback addresses.  If the bind_address is '*' or an empty
             string, then the forwarding is requested to listen on all inter-
             faces.  Specifying a remote bind_address will only succeed if the
             server's GatewayPorts option is enabled (see sshd_config(5)).

     RhostsRSAAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication with RSA
             host authentication.  The argument must be "yes" or "no".  The
             default is "no".  This option applies to protocol version 1 only
             and requires ssh(1) to be setuid root.

     RSAAuthentication
             Specifies whether to try RSA authentication.  The argument to
             this keyword must be "yes" or "no".  RSA authentication will only
             be attempted if the identity file exists, or an authentication
             agent is running.  The default is "yes".  Note that this option
             applies to protocol version 1 only.

     SendEnv
             Specifies what variables from the local environ(7) should be sent
             to the server.  Note that environment passing is only supported
             for protocol 2.  The server must also support it, and the server
             must be configured to accept these environment variables.  Refer
             to AcceptEnv in sshd_config(5) for how to configure the server.
             Variables are specified by name, which may contain wildcard char-
             acters.  Multiple environment variables may be separated by
             whitespace or spread across multiple SendEnv directives.  The
             default is not to send any environment variables.

             See PATTERNS for more information on patterns.

     ServerAliveCountMax
             Sets the number of server alive messages (see below) which may be
             sent without ssh(1) receiving any messages back from the server.
             If this threshold is reached while server alive messages are
             being sent, ssh will disconnect from the server, terminating the
             session.  It is important to note that the use of server alive
             messages is very different from TCPKeepAlive (below).  The server
             alive messages are sent through the encrypted channel and there-
             fore will not be spoofable.  The TCP keepalive option enabled by
             TCPKeepAlive is spoofable.  The server alive mechanism is valu-
             able when the client or server depend on knowing when a connec-
             tion has become inactive.

             The default value is 3.  If, for example, ServerAliveInterval
             (see below) is set to 15 and ServerAliveCountMax is left at the
             default, if the server becomes unresponsive, ssh will disconnect
             after approximately 45 seconds.  This option applies to protocol
             version 2 only.

     ServerAliveInterval
             Sets a timeout interval in seconds after which if no data has
             been received from the server, ssh(1) will send a message through
             the encrypted channel to request a response from the server.  The
             default is 0, indicating that these messages will not be sent to
             the server.  This option applies to protocol version 2 only.

     SmartcardDevice
             Specifies which smartcard device to use.  The argument to this
             keyword is the device ssh(1) should use to communicate with a
             smartcard used for storing the user's private RSA key.  By
             default, no device is specified and smartcard support is not
             activated.

     StrictHostKeyChecking
             If this flag is set to "yes", ssh(1) will never automatically add
             host keys to the ~/.ssh/known_hosts file, and refuses to connect
             to hosts whose host key has changed.  This provides maximum pro-
             tection against trojan horse attacks, though it can be annoying
             when the /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts file is poorly maintained or
             when connections to new hosts are frequently made.  This option
             forces the user to manually add all new hosts.  If this flag is
             set to "no", ssh will automatically add new host keys to the user
             known hosts files.  If this flag is set to "ask", new host keys
             will be added to the user known host files only after the user
             has confirmed that is what they really want to do, and ssh will
             refuse to connect to hosts whose host key has changed.  The host
             keys of known hosts will be verified automatically in all cases.
             The argument must be "yes", "no", or "ask".  The default is
             "ask".

     TCPKeepAlive
             Specifies whether the system should send TCP keepalive messages
             to the other side.  If they are sent, death of the connection or
             crash of one of the machines will be properly noticed.  However,
             this means that connections will die if the route is down tem-
             porarily, and some people find it annoying.

             The default is "yes" (to send TCP keepalive messages), and the
             client will notice if the network goes down or the remote host
             dies.  This is important in scripts, and many users want it too.

             To disable TCP keepalive messages, the value should be set to
             "no".

     Tunnel  Request tun(4) device forwarding between the client and the
             server.  The argument must be "yes", "point-to-point" (layer 3),
             "ethernet" (layer 2), or "no".  Specifying "yes" requests the
             default tunnel mode, which is "point-to-point".  The default is
             "no".

     TunnelDevice
             Specifies the tun(4) devices to open on the client (local_tun)
             and the server (remote_tun).

             The argument must be local_tun[:remote_tun].  The devices may be
             specified by numerical ID or the keyword "any", which uses the
             next available tunnel device.  If remote_tun is not specified, it
             defaults to "any".  The default is "any:any".

     UsePrivilegedPort
             Specifies whether to use a privileged port for outgoing connec-
             tions.  The argument must be "yes" or "no".  The default is "no".
             If set to "yes", ssh(1) must be setuid root.  Note that this
             option must be set to "yes" for RhostsRSAAuthentication with
             older servers.

     User    Specifies the user to log in as.  This can be useful when a dif-
             ferent user name is used on different machines.  This saves the
             trouble of having to remember to give the user name on the com-
             mand line.

     UserKnownHostsFile
             Specifies a file to use for the user host key database instead of
             ~/.ssh/known_hosts.

     VerifyHostKeyDNS
             Specifies whether to verify the remote key using DNS and SSHFP
             resource records.  If this option is set to "yes", the client
             will implicitly trust keys that match a secure fingerprint from
             DNS.  Insecure fingerprints will be handled as if this option was
             set to "ask".  If this option is set to "ask", information on
             fingerprint match will be displayed, but the user will still need
             to confirm new host keys according to the StrictHostKeyChecking
             option.  The argument must be "yes", "no", or "ask".  The default
             is "no".  Note that this option applies to protocol version 2
             only.

             See also VERIFYING HOST KEYS in ssh(1).

     XAuthLocation
             Specifies the full pathname of the xauth(1) program.  The default
             is /usr/bin/xauth.

PATTERNS
     A pattern consists of zero or more non-whitespace characters, '*' (a
     wildcard that matches zero or more characters), or '?' (a wildcard that
     matches exactly one character).  For example, to specify a set of decla-
     rations for any host in the ".co.uk" set of domains, the following pat-
     tern could be used:

           Host *.co.uk

     The following pattern would match any host in the 192.168.0.[0-9] network
     range:

           Host 192.168.0.?

     A pattern-list is a comma-separated list of patterns.  Patterns within
     pattern-lists may be negated by preceding them with an exclamation mark
     ('!').  For example, to allow a key to be used from anywhere within an
     organisation except from the "dialup" pool, the following entry (in
     authorized_keys) could be used:

           from="!*.dialup.example.com,*.example.com"

FILES
     ~/.ssh/config
             This is the per-user configuration file.  The format of this file
             is described above.  This file is used by the SSH client.
             Because of the potential for abuse, this file must have strict
             permissions: read/write for the user, and not accessible by oth-
             ers.

     /etc/ssh/ssh_config
             Systemwide configuration file.  This file provides defaults for
             those values that are not specified in the user's configuration
             file, and for those users who do not have a configuration file.
             This file must be world-readable.

SEE ALSO
     ssh(1)

AUTHORS
     OpenSSH is a derivative of the original and free ssh 1.2.12 release by
     Tatu Ylonen.  Aaron Campbell, Bob Beck, Markus Friedl, Niels Provos, Theo
     de Raadt and Dug Song removed many bugs, re-added newer features and cre-
     ated OpenSSH.  Markus Friedl contributed the support for SSH protocol
     versions 1.5 and 2.0.

BSD                             August 27, 2014                            BSD