SCANDIR(3)                 Linux Programmer's Manual                SCANDIR(3)
NAME
       scandir, alphasort, versionsort - scan a directory for matching entries

SYNOPSIS
       #include <dirent.h>

       int scandir(const char *dir, struct dirent ***namelist,
              int(*filter)(const struct dirent *),
              int(*compar)(const struct dirent **, const struct dirent **));

       int alphasort(const void *a, const void *b);
       int versionsort(const void *a, const void *b);

DESCRIPTION
       The scandir() function scans the directory  dir,  calling  filter()  on
       each  directory entry.  Entries for which filter() returns non-zero are
       stored in strings allocated via malloc(), sorted using qsort() with the
       comparison  function compar(), and collected in array namelist which is
       allocated via malloc().  If filter is NULL, all entries are selected.

       The alphasort() and versionsort() functions can be used as the compari-
       son  function  compar().  The former sorts directory entries using str-
       coll(3), the latter using strverscmp(3) on the strings (*a)->d_name and
       (*b)->d_name.

RETURN VALUE
       The scandir() function returns the number of directory entries selected
       or -1 if an error occurs.

       The alphasort() and versionsort()  functions  return  an  integer  less
       than,  equal  to, or greater than zero if the first argument is consid-
       ered to be respectively less than, equal to, or greater than  the  sec-
       ond.

ERRORS
       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to complete the operation.

CONFORMING TO
       None  of  these functions is in POSIX.1-2001, but alphasort() and scan-
       dir() are under consideration for a future revision to POSIX.1.

       The functions scandir() and alphasort() are from 4.3BSD, and have  been
       available  under  Linux since libc4.  Libc4 and libc5 use the more pre-
       cise prototype

           int alphasort(const struct dirent ** a,
                         const struct dirent **b);

       but glibc 2.0 returns to the imprecise BSD prototype.

       The function versionsort() is a GNU extension,  available  since  glibc
       2.1.

       Since  glibc  2.1,  alphasort()  calls strcoll(3); earlier it used str-
       cmp(3).

EXAMPLE
       /* print files in current directory in reverse order */
       #include <dirent.h>
       main(){
           struct dirent **namelist;
           int n;

           n = scandir(".", &namelist, 0, alphasort);
           if (n < 0)
               perror("scandir");
           else {
               while(n--) {
                   printf("%s\n", namelist[n]->d_name);
                   free(namelist[n]);
               }
               free(namelist);
           }
       }

SEE ALSO
       closedir(3),   fnmatch(3),   opendir(3),   readdir(3),    rewinddir(3),
       seekdir(3), strcmp(3), strcoll(3), strverscmp(3), telldir(3)

GNU                               2001-12-26                        SCANDIR(3)