OD(1)                            User Commands                           OD(1)
NAME
       od - dump files in octal and other formats

SYNOPSIS
       od [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       od [-abcdfilosx]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b]]
       od --traditional [OPTION]... [FILE] [[+]OFFSET[.][b] [+][LABEL][.][b]]

DESCRIPTION
       Write an unambiguous representation, octal bytes by default, of FILE to
       standard output.  With more than one FILE argument, concatenate them in
       the  listed  order to form the input.  With no FILE, or when FILE is -,
       read standard input.

       All arguments to long options are mandatory for short options.

       -A, --address-radix=RADIX
              decide how file offsets are printed

       -j, --skip-bytes=BYTES
              skip BYTES input bytes first

       -N, --read-bytes=BYTES
              limit dump to BYTES input bytes

       -S, --strings[=BYTES]
              output strings of at least BYTES graphic chars

       -t, --format=TYPE
              select output format or formats

       -v, --output-duplicates
              do not use * to mark line suppression

       -w, --width[=BYTES]
              output BYTES bytes per output line

       --traditional
              accept arguments in traditional form

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
              output version information and exit

   Traditional format specifications may be intermixed; they accumulate:
       -a     same as -t a,  select named characters

       -b     same as -t o1, select octal bytes

       -c     same as -t c,  select ASCII characters or backslash escapes

       -d     same as -t u2, select unsigned decimal 2-byte units

       -f     same as -t fF, select floats

       -i     same as -t dI, select decimal ints

       -l     same as -t dL, select decimal longs

       -o     same as -t o2, select octal 2-byte units

       -s     same as -t d2, select decimal 2-byte units

       -x     same as -t x2, select hexadecimal 2-byte units

       If first and second call formats  both  apply,  the  second  format  is
       assumed  if the last operand begins with + or (if there are 2 operands)
       a  digit.   An  OFFSET  operand  means  -j  OFFSET.    LABEL   is   the
       pseudo-address  at  first  byte  printed, incremented when dump is pro-
       gressing.  For OFFSET and LABEL, a 0x or 0X prefix indicates  hexadeci-
       mal; suffixes may be . for octal and b for multiply by 512.

       TYPE is made up of one or more of these specifications:

       a      named character

       c      ASCII character or backslash escape

       d[SIZE]
              signed decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       f[SIZE]
              floating point, SIZE bytes per integer

       o[SIZE]
              octal, SIZE bytes per integer

       u[SIZE]
              unsigned decimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       x[SIZE]
              hexadecimal, SIZE bytes per integer

       SIZE  is  a  number.   For  TYPE  in  doux,  SIZE  may  also  be  C for
       sizeof(char),  S  for  sizeof(short),  I  for  sizeof(int)  or  L   for
       sizeof(long).   If  TYPE  is f, SIZE may also be F for sizeof(float), D
       for sizeof(double) or L for sizeof(long double).

       RADIX is d for decimal, o for octal, x for hexadecimal or n  for  none.
       BYTES is hexadecimal with 0x or 0X prefix, it is multiplied by 512 with
       b suffix, by 1024 with k and by 1048576 with m.  Adding a z  suffix  to
       any type adds a display of printable characters to the end of each line
       of output.  --string without a number implies  3.   --width  without  a
       number implies 32.  By default, od uses -A o -t d2 -w 16.

AUTHOR
       Written by Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This  is  free  software.   You may redistribute copies of it under the
       terms      of      the      GNU      General       Public       License
       <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.   There  is NO WARRANTY, to the
       extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       The full documentation for od is maintained as a  Texinfo  manual.   If
       the  info and od programs are properly installed at your site, the com-
       mand

              info od

       should give you access to the complete manual.

od 5.97                           March 2012                             OD(1)